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Chicago's Greatest Hits was released in and became the band's fifth consecutive No. The success of the song, according to William James Ruhlmann, foreshadowed a later reliance on ballads.
Besides recording and touring, during the busy s Chicago also made time for a movie appearance and several television appearances of note.
In , Guercio produced and directed Electra Glide in Blue , a film about an Arizona motorcycle policeman. Released in , the film stars Robert Blake and features Cetera, Kath, Loughnane, and Parazaider in supporting roles.
Chicago made its "television variety debut" in February when they were the only rock musicians invited to appear on a television special honoring Duke Ellington , "Duke Ellington They performed the Ellington composition, "Jump for Joy".
The show was filmed on location at Caribou Ranch , the 3, acre ranch-turned-recording studio located outside of Boulder, Colorado , owned by Chicago's producer, James William Guercio.
The only musical guest on the show was Al Green , who was rated the number-one male vocalist of , and whom Rolling Stone magazine named "Rock and Roll Star of the Year".
Singer Anne Murray and country music star Charlie Rich were guests on the show. It was the third "Rockin' Eve" Clark had produced, and it competed with Guy Lombardo 's traditional New Year's Eve television show which aired on a different network and was in its 45th consecutive year of broadcast.
Clark hoped the "Rockin' Eve" format would become an "annual TV custom". The year began with a split with Guercio. In later years, band members would cite Guercio's purchase of Caribou Ranch, more particularly their realization that Guercio had enough money to purchase Caribou Ranch, as a contributing factor to their disillusionment with him as a producer.
They felt he had taken advantage of them financially. According to writer Jim Jerome, the visit "snapped them back" and helped them make the decision to carry on.
After auditioning over 30 potential replacements for Kath, Chicago decided upon guitarist and singer-songwriter Donnie Dacus. The album Hot Streets was produced by Phil Ramone.
Hot Streets , the band's 12th album, peaked at No. The release also marked a move somewhat away from the jazz-rock direction favored by Kath and towards more pop songs and ballads.
Dacus stayed with the band through the album Chicago 13 ,  and is also featured in a promotional video on the DVD included in the Rhino Records Chicago box set from Again produced by Ramone, it was the group's first studio album not to contain a Top 40 hit.
Dacus departed from the band following the conclusion of the concert tour in support of Chicago 13 , in Chicago XIV , produced by Tom Dowd, relegated the horn section to the background on a number of tracks, and the album's two singles failed to make the Top Chris Pinnick joined the band to play guitar and remained through ,  and the band were also augmented by saxophone player Marty Grebb on the subsequent tour.
In late , the band had a new producer David Foster ,  a new label Warner Bros. Records ,  and the addition of keyboardist, guitarist, and singer Bill Champlin Sons of Champlin.
During Foster's stewardship, less of an emphasis was placed on the band's horn-based sound, being replaced by lush power ballads , which became Chicago's style during the s.
The new sound brought more singles success to the band. For the album Chicago 16 , the band worked with composers from outside the group for the first time, and Foster brought in studio musicians for some tracks including the core members of Toto ,  and used new technology such as synthesizers to "update" and streamline the sound, further pushing back the horn section, and in some cases not even using them at all.
Peter's brother, Kenny Cetera, who had provided background vocals on the Chicago 17 album,  was brought into the group for the 17 tour to add percussion and high harmony vocals.
By , the band was embracing the newest medium, the music video channel MTV , by releasing music videos for four songs.
Concurrently with Chicago's existing career, lead vocalist Peter Cetera had begun a solo career. He proposed an arrangement with the band where they would take hiatuses after tours to let him focus on solo work mirroring that of Phil Collins and Genesis , but the band declined.
Cetera ultimately left Chicago in the summer of Two more songs reached the Top Ten: In , Cetera released his fourth studio album, World Falling Down , which earned him three hits on the Adult Contemporary charts, including the single "Restless Heart".
Cetera's former position was filled by bassist and singer-songwriter Jason Scheff , son of Elvis Presley 's bassist Jerry Scheff. For the final Foster-produced album, Chicago 18 , the band filled Pinnick's spot with several session guitarists, none of whom became band members.
The album was released on September 29, ,  and included the No. For the release, Chicago 19 , the band had replaced producer Foster with co-producers Ron Nevison , who had recently produced two albums for Heart , and Chas Sanford, who had worked with Rod Stewart and Stevie Nicks.
It was the third and last Chicago single to reach No. The latter, also sung by Scheff, was remixed for inclusion on the band's forthcoming greatest hits record and 20th album , Greatest Hits — , and it was this version that became a hit.
The beginning of the s brought yet another departure. Original drummer Danny Seraphine was dismissed from the band in May Twenty 1 would be their last released album of original music for fifteen years.
The band was recognized with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on July 23, In , Chicago wrote and recorded their 22nd album Stone of Sisyphus.
It remained unpublished for fifteen years, aside from bootleg tapes and Internet files. The band was dismayed by the failure of the label.
Upset with the shelving of the album, Dawayne Bailey voiced his objections and his annual contract was not renewed by the band in late And in the years that followed there were many debates and conjecture about the events surrounding the recordings.
It was also suggested some years later that the band's management was negotiating with the label regarding a licensing of the extensive Chicago back catalog, and when those talks stalled, the label apparently retaliated by scrapping the project.
After finishing their tour, and after signing with the Warner Bros. Guitarist Bruce Gaitsch stepped in and joined the band to handle the album's guitar work.
We Love You Madly", as key in their decision to record this album. In , the band licensed their entire recorded output to Rhino Records , after having recorded it at Columbia Records and Warner Bros.
Only The Beginning , which spanned the band's career. The compilation made the Top 40 and sold over 2 million copies in the U. Rhino also began releasing remastered versions of all of the band's Columbia-era albums.
Behind the Music," season 1, episode The episode first aired on October 15, The album peaked at No.
Two songs from this album, "Feel" and "Caroline", were performed live during Chicago's fall tour. Only the Beginning , released four years earlier.
Drew Hester , who was the percussionist and drummer for the Foo Fighters , joined the band in January to temporarily fill in for an ill Imboden,  and continued with the band as a percussionist upon Imboden's return later in the year.
In just as they had already done in and Chicago toured with the Doobie Brothers and would do so again in Live in '75 , a two-disc set containing two hours of previously unreleased performances recorded June 24—26, at the Capital Centre in Largo, Maryland , featuring the original members of Chicago performing some of their greatest hits up to that point.
In , Chicago and the Doobie Brothers held another joint tour. Now , was released on July 4, After taking a temporary leave in May , citing "family health reasons",   it was announced on October 25, that Jason Scheff had left Chicago after 31 years.
The History of Chicago. On February 22, it was announced that Cetera, Lamm, and Pankow were among the Songwriters Hall of Fame inductees for their songwriting efforts as members of Chicago.
On September 17, , former percussionist Laudir de Oliveira died of a heart attack while performing onstage in his native Rio de Janeiro.
Chicago began their touring schedule on Saturday, January 13 by performing the grand opening concert at the new Xcite Center in Bensalem, Pennsylvania.
On Wednesday, January 17, , drummer Tris Imboden announced he was leaving the band after 27 years to spend more time with his family.
On April 6, , Chicago released Chicago: In May , it was revealed that percussionist Daniel de los Reyes was departing Chicago to go back to his other group, the Zac Brown Band.
Live on Soundstage , a live performance from November of the then current band lineup performing the entire second album.
In July the band updated its official web site, and no longer listed Parazaider as a member of the band. On October 26, , Chicago released the album Chicago: Upon being renamed from Chicago Transit Authority to Chicago, the band sported a new logo.
Its inspiration was found in the design of the Coca-Cola logo,    in the attitude of the city of Chicago itself,  and in the desire to visually transcend the individual identities of the band's members.
The logo would serve as the band's chief visual icon from Chicago II , onward. In various artistic forms and visual similes, it has been the subject of every subsequent album cover, except the fifteenth album, Greatest Hits, Volume II.
Chicago IX 's incarnation was a caricature of the band itself, in the shape of the logo. The album cover series has endured as a cataloged work of art in its own right, described by Paul Nini of the American Institute of Graphic Arts as a "real landmark in record cover design".
Having overseen the design of approximately fourteen Chicago album covers across more than twenty years, Berg stated that this artistic success resulted from the combination of Chicago's "unique situation" and his position in "the best possible job at the best possible time to have that job, at the center of the graphic universe".
The book titled Type and Image: The Language of Graphic Design described the logo as "a warm vernacular form, executed in thick script letters with Victorian swashes in the tradition of sports teams and orange crate labels".
The book mentions the cultural and material background of the city of Chicago as inspiration for the logo; for example, describing the leather embossing of Chicago VII as representative of the great fire and the stockades.
The author connects the album art to the atmosphere of the band's namesake city, quoting the band's original manager, James William Guercio: As of July , the three remaining active original members of Chicago are Lamm, Loughnane, and Pankow.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Chicago Chicago in l—r: Rock soft rock pop rock jazz rock.
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Also, the proximity to Lake Michigan tends to keep lakefront Chicago somewhat cooler in summer and not as brutally cold in winter as areas away from the lake,  while sometimes experiencing lake-effect snow.
During its first hundred years, Chicago was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. When founded in , fewer than people had settled on what was then the American frontier.
By the time of its first census, seven years later, the population had reached over 4, At the end of the 19th century, Chicago was the fifth-largest city in the world,  and the largest of the cities that did not exist at the dawn of the century.
Within sixty years of the Great Chicago Fire of , the population went from about , to over 3 million,  and reached its highest ever recorded population of 3.
Today, Chicago's South Side and the adjoining south suburbs constitute the largest black majority region in the entire United States.
Chicago's population declined in the latter half of the 20th century, from over 3. By the time of the official census count in , it was overtaken by Los Angeles as the United States' second largest city.
The city has seen a rise in population for the census and is expected to have an increase for the census. As of the census ,  there were 2,, people with 1,, households living in Chicago.
More than half the population of the state of Illinois lives in the Chicago metropolitan area. Chicago is one of the United States' most densely populated major cities, and the largest city in the Great Lakes Megalopolis.
The racial composition of the city was:. Chicago has a Hispanic or Latino population of Its members may belong to any race; According to the U.
According to the — American Community Survey, the ancestral groups having 10, or more persons in Chicago were: Persons identifying themselves as "Other groups" were classified at 1.
Chicago is the headquarters of several religious denominations, including the Evangelical Covenant Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
It is the seat of several dioceses. The Fourth Presbyterian Church is one of the largest Presbyterian congregations in the United States based on memberships.
The first two Parliament of the World's Religions in and were held in Chicago. Chicago is a major world financial center, with the second-largest central business district in the United States.
In , Chicago exchanges traded 4. Chase Bank has its commercial and retail banking headquarters in Chicago's Chase Tower.
The city and its surrounding metropolitan area contain the third-largest labor pool in the United States with about 4. According to Site Selection magazine, the Chicago area has seen the most corporate headquarters relocation or expansion projects in the US for each of four consecutive years form to In June , McDonald's confirmed plans to move its global headquarters to Chicago's West Loop neighborhood by mid ; Chicago was the company's headquarters between and Manufacturing, printing, publishing and food processing also play major roles in the city's economy.
Several medical products and services companies are headquartered in the Chicago area, including Baxter International , Boeing , Abbott Laboratories , and the Healthcare division of General Electric.
In the s, Chicago became a major grain port, and in the s and s Chicago's pork and beef industry expanded. As the major meat companies grew in Chicago many, such as Armour and Company , created global enterprises.
Although the meatpacking industry currently plays a lesser role in the city's economy, Chicago continues to be a major transportation and distribution center.
Lured by a combination of large business customers, federal research dollars, and a large hiring pool fed by the area's universities, Chicago is also the site of a growing number of web startup companies like CareerBuilder , Orbitz , Basecamp , Groupon , Feedburner , and NowSecure.
Chicago has been a hub of the Retail sector since its early development, with Montgomery Ward , Sears , and Marshall Field's.
Late in the 19th century, Chicago was part of the bicycle craze, with the Western Wheel Company, which introduced stamping to the production process and significantly reduced costs,  while early in the 20th century, the city was part of the automobile revolution, hosting the Brass Era car builder Bugmobile, which was founded there in Chicago is a major world convention destination.
The city's main convention center is McCormick Place. With its four interconnected buildings, it is the largest convention center in the nation and third-largest in the world.
The city's waterfront location and nightlife has attracted residents and tourists alike. Over a third of the city population is concentrated in the lakefront neighborhoods from Rogers Park in the north to South Shore in the south.
Downtown is the center of Chicago's financial, cultural, governmental and commercial institutions and the site of Grant Park and many of the city's skyscrapers.
Many of the city's financial institutions, such as the CBOT and the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago , are located within a section of downtown called " The Loop ", which is an eight-block by five-block area of city streets that is encircled by elevated rail tracks.
The term "The Loop" is largely used by locals to refer to the entire downtown area as well. These areas contribute famous skyscrapers , abundant restaurants, shopping , museums , a stadium for the Chicago Bears , convention facilities , parkland , and beaches.
The Chicago Pride Parade , held the last Sunday in June, is one of the world's largest with over a million people in attendance.
It also contains the University of Chicago , ranked one of the world's top ten universities,  and the Museum of Science and Industry.
Two of the city's largest parks are also located on this side of the city: Jackson Park , bordering the waterfront, hosted the World's Columbian Exposition in , and is the site of the aforementioned museum; and slightly west sits Washington Park.
The two parks themselves are connected by a wide strip of parkland called the Midway Plaisance , running adjacent to the University of Chicago. Adalbert's Church in Pilsen.
The city's distinctive accent, made famous by its use in classic films like The Blues Brothers and television programs like the Saturday Night Live skit " Bill Swerski's Superfans ", is an advanced form of Inland Northern American English.
This dialect can also be found in other cities bordering the Great Lakes such as Cleveland , Milwaukee , Detroit , and Rochester, New York , and most prominently features a rearrangement of certain vowel sounds, such as the short 'a' sound as in "cat", which can sound more like "kyet" to outsiders.
The accent remains well associated with the city. Broadway In Chicago offers Broadway-style entertainment at five theaters: Polish language productions for Chicago's large Polish speaking population can be seen at the historic Gateway Theatre in Jefferson Park.
Since , the Joseph Jefferson Awards are given annually to acknowledge excellence in theater in the Chicago area. Chicago's theater community spawned modern improvisational theater , and includes the prominent groups The Second City and I.
In the summer, many outdoor concerts are given in Grant Park and Millennium Park. Other live-music genre which are part of the city's cultural heritage include Chicago blues , Chicago soul , jazz , and gospel.
The city is the birthplace of house music a popular form of electronic dance music and industrial music , and is the site of an influential hip hop scene.
In the s and 90s, the city was the global center for house and industrial music, two forms of music created in Chicago, as well as being popular for alternative rock , punk , and new wave.
The city has been an epicenter for rave culture, since the s. A flourishing independent rock music culture brought forth Chicago indie.
Annual festivals feature various acts, such as Lollapalooza and the Pitchfork Music Festival. Chicago has a distinctive fine art tradition.
For much of the twentieth century, it nurtured a strong style of figurative surrealism , as in the works of Ivan Albright and Ed Paschke. Henry Darger is one of the most celebrated figures of outsider art.
Chicago contains a number of large, outdoor works by well-known artists. Chicago also has a nationally televised Thanksgiving parade that occurs annually.
The McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade is seen across the nation on WGN-TV and WGN America , featuring a variety of diverse acts from the community, marching bands from across the country, and is the only parade in the city to feature inflatable balloons every year.
More than neighborhood festivals are celebrated annually in Chicago, most during the warm summer months. As many as , people enjoy the traditions, entertainment, and cuisines of the respected neighborhoods.
Some of the more famous festivals include:. In [update] , Chicago attracted The city is the United States' third-largest convention destination.
A study by Walk Score ranked Chicago the fourth-most walkable of fifty largest cities in the United States. The historic Chicago Cultural Center , originally serving as the Chicago Public Library , now houses the city's Visitor Information Center, galleries and exhibit halls.
The park also hosts the annual Taste of Chicago festival. Also, an outdoor restaurant transforms into an ice rink in the winter season.
Two tall glass sculptures make up the Crown Fountain. The fountain's two towers display visual effects from LED images of Chicagoans' faces, along with water spouting from their lips.
Behind the pavilion's stage is the Harris Theater for Music and Dance , an indoor venue for mid-sized performing arts companies, including the Chicago Opera Theater and Music of the Baroque.
Dutch Wheels, a world renowned company that manufactures ferris wheels, was selected to design the new wheel. It also has entertainment systems inside the gondolas as well as a climate controlled environment.
On June 4, , the city officially opened the Museum Campus , a acre 4. Buckingham Fountain anchors the downtown park along the lakefront.
The University of Chicago Oriental Institute has an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern archaeological artifacts.
With an estimated completion date of , the Barack Obama Presidential Center will be housed at the University of Chicago in Hyde Park and include both the Obama presidential library and offices of the Obama Foundation.
The Willis Tower formerly named Sears Tower is a popular destination for tourists. The Willis Tower has an observation deck open to tourists year round with high up views overlooking Chicago and Lake Michigan.
The observation deck includes an enclosed glass balcony that extends 10 feet out on the side of the building. Tourists are able to look straight down.
Chicago lays claim to a large number of regional specialties that reflect the city's ethnic and working-class roots. Included among these are its nationally renowned deep-dish pizza ; this style is said to have originated at Pizzeria Uno.
The Chicago-style hot dog , typically an all-beef hot dog, is loaded with an array of toppings that often includes pickle relish, yellow mustard , pickled sport peppers , tomato wedges, dill pickle spear and topped off with celery salt on a poppy seed bun.
A distinctly Chicago sandwich, the Italian beef sandwich is thinly sliced beef simmered in au jus and served on an Italian roll with sweet peppers or spicy giardiniera.
A popular modification is the Combo—an Italian beef sandwich with the addition of an Italian sausage.
The Maxwell Street Polish is a grilled or deep-fried kielbasa —on a hot dog roll, topped with grilled onions, yellow mustard, and hot sport peppers.
Chicken Vesuvio is roasted bone-in chicken cooked in oil and garlic next to garlicky oven-roasted potato wedges and a sprinkling of green peas.
The Puerto Rican -influenced jibarito is a sandwich made with flattened, fried green plantains instead of bread. The mother-in-law is a tamale topped with chili and served on a hot dog bun.
One the world's most decorated restaurants and a recipient of three Michelin stars, Alinea is located in Chicago. Well-known chefs who have had restaurants in Chicago include: In , Robb Report named Chicago the country's "most exceptional dining destination".
Chicago literature finds its roots in the city's tradition of lucid, direct journalism, lending to a strong tradition of social realism.
In the Encyclopedia of Chicago , Northwestern University Professor Bill Savage describes Chicago fiction as prose which tries to " capture the essence of the city, its spaces and its people ".
The challenge for early writers was that Chicago was a frontier outpost that transformed into a global metropolis in the span of two generations.
Narrative fiction of that time, much of it in the style of "high-flown romance" and "genteel realism", needed a new approach to describe the urban social, political, and economic conditions of Chicago.
At least, three short periods in the history of Chicago have had a lasting influence on American Literature.
What would become the influential Poetry magazine was founded in by Harriet Monroe , who was working as an art critic for the Chicago Tribune.
Eliot 's first professionally published poem, " The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ", was first published by Poetry.
The magazine was instrumental in launching the Imagist and Objectivist poetic movements. From the s through s, American poetry continued to evolve in Chicago.
Additionally, Chicago is one of the six cities in the United States to have won championships in the four major professional leagues and, along with New York and Los Angeles, is one of three cities to have won soccer championships as well.
Chicago is the only city that has had more than one MLB franchise every year since the AL began in New York hosted only one between and early The two teams have faced each other in a World Series only once: The Cubs are the oldest Major League Baseball team to have never changed their city;  they have played in Chicago since , and continuously so since due to the Great Chicago Fire.
They have played more games and have more wins than any other team in Major League baseball since They had not won their sport's title since , and had not participated in a World Series since , both records, until they beat the Cleveland Indians in the World Series.
The White Sox have played on the South Side continuously since , with all three of their home fields throughout the years being within blocks of one another.
They have won three World Series titles , , and six American League pennants, including the first in The Sox are fifth in the American League in all-time wins, and sixth in pennants.
The other remaining charter franchise, the Chicago Cardinals , also started out in the city, but is now known as the Arizona Cardinals. The Bears have won more games in the history of the NFL than any other team,  and only the Green Bay Packers , their longtime rivals, have won more championships.
The Bears play their home games at Soldier Field. Soldier Field re-opened in after an extensive renovation. The Blackhawks have won six Stanley Cups , including in , , and Both the Bulls and the Blackhawks play at the United Center.
The Fire have won one league title and four U. Open Cups , since their founding in Chicago will be home to a new USL team starting in They plan to play in a 20, seat stadium located in Lincoln Park.
They play home games at the Allstate Arena. The team was founded before the WNBA season began. The Chicago Marathon has been held each year since except for , when a half marathon was run in its place.
When Chicago was incorporated in , it chose the motto Urbs in Horto , a Latin phrase which means "City in a Garden".
There are 31 sand beaches , a plethora of museums, two world-class conservatories, and 50 nature areas. There is a historic boulevard system ,  a network of wide, tree-lined boulevards which connect a number of Chicago parks.
It includes nineteen boulevards, eight parks, and six squares , along twenty-six miles of interconnected streets. With berths for more than 6, boats, the Chicago Park District operates the nation's largest municipal harbor system.
The wealth of greenspace afforded by Chicago's parks is further augmented by the Cook County Forest Preserves , a network of open spaces containing forest, prairie , wetland , streams, and lakes that are set aside as natural areas which lie along the city's outskirts,  including both the Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe and the Brookfield Zoo in Brookfield.
The government of the City of Chicago is divided into executive and legislative branches. The Mayor of Chicago is the chief executive, elected by general election for a term of four years, with no term limits.
The current mayor is Rahm Emanuel. The mayor appoints commissioners and other officials who oversee the various departments.
As well as the mayor, Chicago's clerk and treasurer are also elected citywide. The City Council is the legislative branch and is made up of 50 aldermen, one elected from each ward in the city.
The Chicago Police Department provides law enforcement and the Chicago Fire Department provides fire suppression and emergency medical services for the city and its residents.
Civil and criminal law cases are heard in the Cook County Circuit Court of the State of Illinois court system, or in the Northern District of Illinois , in the federal system.
During much of the last half of the 19th century, Chicago's politics were dominated by a growing Democratic Party organization.
During the s and s, Chicago had a powerful radical tradition with large and highly organized socialist, anarchist and labor organizations.
Even before then, it was not unheard of for Republican presidential candidates to win handily in downstate Illinois, only to lose statewide due to large Democratic margins in Chicago.
The citizens of Chicago have not elected a Republican mayor since , when William Thompson was voted into office. The strength of the party in the city is partly a consequence of Illinois state politics, where the Republicans have come to represent rural and farm concerns while the Democrats support urban issues such as Chicago's public school funding.
All eight of the city's representatives are Democrats; a Republican has only represented a significant portion of the city twice since , for one term each— Robert P.
Hanrahan from to , and Michael Patrick Flanagan from to Machine politics persisted in Chicago after the decline of similar machines in other large U.
The independents finally gained control of city government in with the election of Harold Washington in office — From until May 16, , Chicago was under the leadership of its longest serving mayor, Richard M.
Daley , the son of Richard J. On May 16, , Rahm Emanuel was sworn in as the 55th mayor of Chicago. Because of the dominance of the Democratic Party in Chicago, the Democratic primary vote held in the spring is generally more significant than the general elections in November for U.
House and Illinois State seats. The aldermanic, mayoral, and other city offices are filled through nonpartisan elections with runoffs as needed.
The Obamas' residence is located near the University of Chicago in Kenwood on the city's south side. Chicago had a murder rate of However, it was less than in many smaller American cities, including New Orleans , Newark , and Detroit , which had 53 murders per , residents in The year-end crime statistics showed there were murders in Chicago in compared with the year before, a Chicago had more homicides than any other city in in total but not on per capita basis, according to the Chicago Tribune.
The department also reported murders in Chicago for the year , a total that marked a According to reports in , "most of Chicago's violent crime comes from gangs trying to maintain control of drug-selling territories",  and is specifically related to the activities of the Sinaloa Cartel , which by had decided to seek to control illicit drug distribution, against local street gangs.
Chicago's homicide tally remained low during , , and but rose to in , breaking for the first time since It was also nicknamed Chiraq by Chicago drill rappers.
At that time, the murder rate was historically low for Chicago. Louis , New Orleans , Detroit and Baltimore had the highest murder rate.
In September , an Illinois state appellate court found that cities do not have an obligation under the Illinois Constitution to pay certain benefits if those benefits had included an expiration date under whichever negotiated agreement they were covered.
The Illinois Constitution prohibits governments from doing anything that could cause retirement benefits for government workers to be "diminished or impaired.
Chicago Public Schools CPS is the governing body of the school district that contains over public elementary and high schools citywide, including several selective-admission magnet schools.
There are eleven selective enrollment high schools in the Chicago Public Schools,  designed to meet the needs of Chicago's most academically advanced students.
These schools offer a rigorous curriculum with mainly honors and Advanced Placement AP courses. Young Magnet High School , which was opened in , is ranked fourth.
Chicago high school rankings are determined by the average test scores on state achievement tests. Chicago has a network of Lutheran schools ,  and several private schools are run by other denominations and faiths, such as the Ida Crown Jewish Academy in West Ridge.
There are also the private Chicago Academy for the Arts , a high school focused on six different categories of the arts and the public Chicago High School for the Arts , a high school focused on five categories visual arts, theatre, musical theatre, dance, and music of the arts.
The Chicago Public Library system operates 79 public libraries, including the central library, two regional libraries, and numerous branches distributed throughout the city.
Since the s, Chicago has been a world center of higher education and research with several universities. These institutions consistently rank among the top "National Universities" in the United States, as determined by U.
Top universities in Chicago are: Other notable schools include: William Rainey Harper , the first president of the University of Chicago, was instrumental in the creation of the junior college concept, establishing nearby Joliet Junior College as the first in the nation in The city also has two PBS member stations: Two major daily newspapers are published in Chicago: In addition, Chicago is the recent home of satirical national news outlet, The Onion , as well as its sister pop-culture publication, The A.
Dark of the Moon , Transformers: Age of Extinction , Transformers: Chicago has also been the setting for many popular television shows, including the situation comedies Perfect Strangers and its spinoff Family Matters , Married The city served as the venue for the medical dramas ER and Chicago Hope , as well as the fantasy drama series Early Edition and the — drama Prison Break.
Discovery Channel films two shows in Chicago: Chicago has five 50, watt AM radio stations: Chicago is also home to a number of national radio shows, including Beyond the Beltway with Bruce DuMont on Sunday evenings.
Chicago is also featured in a few video games, including Watch Dogs and Midtown Madness , a real-life, car-driving simulation game.
In , indie rock artist Sufjan Stevens created a concept album about Illinois titled Illinois ; many of its songs were about Chicago and its history.
Chicago is a major transportation hub in the United States. It is an important component in global distribution, as it is the third-largest inter-modal port in the world after Hong Kong and Singapore.
The city of Chicago has a higher than average percentage of households without a car. The national average was 8. Seven mainline and four auxiliary interstate highways 55 , 57 , 65 only in Indiana , 80 also in Indiana , 88 , 90 also in Indiana , 94 also in Indiana , , , , and run through Chicago and its suburbs.
Segments that link to the city center are named after influential politicians, with three of them named after former U. The Kennedy and Dan Ryan Expressways are the busiest state maintained routes in the entire state of Illinois.
CTA, Metra, and Pace. Greyhound Lines provides inter-city bus service to and from the city, and Chicago is also the hub for the Midwest network of Megabus North America.
Amtrak long distance and commuter rail services originate from Union Station. Chicago is one of the largest hubs of passenger rail service in the nation.
The services terminate in San Francisco, Washington, D. Parts of this were built, but it was never completed.
Chicago's Department of Transportation oversees operation of Divvy , North America's largest bicycle-sharing system by geography , allowing residents and visitors the ability to check out public bikes from any of hundreds of automated stations located over a large area of the city, take them for short rides, and return them to any station of their choosing.
Chicago is the largest hub in the railroad industry. Department of Transportation, the volume of imported and exported goods transported via rail to, from, or through Chicago is forecast to increase nearly percent between and Chicago is served by O'Hare International Airport , the world's second-busiest airport measured by airline operations,  on the far Northwest Side, and Midway International Airport on the Southwest Side.
In , O'Hare was the world's busiest airport by aircraft movements and the second-busiest by total passenger traffic.
In recent years the state of Illinois has been leaning towards building an entirely new airport in the Illinois suburbs of Chicago.
Army Corps of Engineers. Their service territory borders Iroquois County to the south, the Wisconsin border to the north, the Iowa border to the west and the Indiana border to the east.
In northern Illinois, ComEd a division of Exelon operates the greatest number of nuclear generating plants in any US state.
Recently, the city began installing wind turbines on government buildings to promote renewable energy. Domestic and industrial waste was once incinerated but it is now landfilled , mainly in the Calumet area.
From to , the city had a blue bag program to divert recyclable refuse from landfills. This proved successful and blue bins were rolled out across the city.
It includes Rush University Medical Center , ranked as the second best hospital in the Chicago metropolitan area by U.
Hospital of Cook County , one of the busiest trauma centers in the nation. Two of the country's premier academic medical centers reside in Chicago, including Northwestern Memorial Hospital and the University of Chicago Medical Center.
Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. Chicago has 28 sister cities around the world. These relationships have sought to promote economic, cultural, educational, and other ties.
To celebrate the sister cities, Chicago hosts a yearly festival in Daley Plaza , which features cultural acts and food tastings from the other cities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Illinois. For other uses, see Chicago disambiguation. City in Illinois, United States.
Timeline of Chicago history. The location and course of the Illinois and Michigan Canal completed State and Madison Streets , once known as the busiest intersection in the world Community areas in Chicago and Neighborhoods in Chicago.
Roads and expressways in Chicago. List of companies in the Chicago metropolitan area. Culture of Chicago , List of people from Chicago , and List of museums and cultural institutions in Chicago.
Soldier Field ; Middle: Wrigley Field ; Bottom: United Center ; Bottom: Political history of Chicago. Crime in Chicago and Timeline of organized crime in Chicago.
For a more comprehensive list, see List of colleges and universities in Chicago. List of diplomatic missions and trade organizations in Chicago.
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